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Euonymus europaeus - Spindle

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Euonymus europaeus (spindle, European spindle, common spindle) is a species of flowering plant in the family Celastraceae, native to much of Europe, especially Mediterannean area where it inhabits the edges of forest, hedges and gentle slopes, tending to thrive on nutrient-rich, chalky and salt-poor soils. It is a deciduous shrub or small tree. Other names include fusoria, fusanum, ananbeam, shemshad rasmi.
Euonymus europaeus grows to 3–6 m tall, with a stem up to 20 cm in diameter. The leaves are opposite, 3-8 cm long and 1-3 cm broad. Leaves are dark green in summer. Fall color ranges from yellow-green to reddish-purple, depending on environmental conditions. The hermaphrodite flowers are produced in late spring and are insect-pollinated, they are small, yellowish green and grow in cymes of 3-8 together. The capsular fruit ripens in autumn, and is red to purple in colour and approximately 1-1.5 cm wide. When ripe, the four lobes split open to reveal the orange seeds. It is a popular ornamental plant in gardens and parks due to its bright pink or purple fruits and attractive autumn colouring, in addition to its resistance to frost and wind.
European spindle wood is very hard, and can be cut to a sharp point, it was used in the past for making wool spindles. Parts of the plant have been used medicinally. However, the fruit is poisonous, containing, amongst other substances, the alkaloids theobromine and caffeine, as well as an extremely bitter terpene.

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50 seeds
Read 13059 times Last modified on Tuesday, 26 January 2016 18:09
45.00 HRK
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