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The quince

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quince quince

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The quince (Cydonia oblonga) is the sole member of the genus Cydoniain the family Rosaceae. It is a small deciduous tree that bears a pome fruit, similar in appearance to a pear, and bright golden-yellow when mature. The cooked fruit has been used as food, but the tree is also grown for its attractive pale pink blossom and other ornamental qualities. The tree grows 5 to 8 m high and 4 to 6 m wide. The fruit is 7 to 12 cm long.The immature fruit is green, in late autumn when the fruit changes colour to yellow with hard, strongly perfumed flesh. The flowers, produced in spring after the leaves, are white or pink, 5 cm across, with five petals.

Quince is resistant to frost and requires a cold period below 7 °C to flower properly (yarovization). The fruit can be left on the tree to ripen further, which softens the fruit to the point where it can be eaten raw in warmer climates, but should be picked before the first frosts. In Europe, quinces are commonly grown in central and southern areas where the summers are sufficiently hot for the fruit to fully ripen. They are not grown in large amounts, typically one or two quince trees are grown in a mixed orchard with several apples and other fruit trees. The fruit is high in pectin, they are used to make jam, jelly and quince pudding, or they may be peeled, then roasted, baked or stewed. The very strong perfume means they can be added in small quantities to apple pies and jam to enhance the flavour. The fruit, like so many others, can be used to make a type of wine.

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10 seeds
Read 4799 times Last modified on Saturday, 10 September 2016 07:53
45.00 HRK
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