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Tilia platyphyllos

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flowers flowers

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Tilia platyphyllos is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae. It is a deciduous tree, native to much of Europe. The specific epithet platyphyllos means "with broad leaves".
T. platyphyllos is a narrowly domed tree with a moderate growth rate, and can eventually attain a height of 40 m. The reddish-brown young stems later develop dark grey bark with fine fissures and furrows. The branches spread upwards at wide angles. The twigs are reddish-green and slightly pubescent. The foliage consists of simple, alternately arranged leaves. The small, fragrant, yellowish-white flowers are arranged in drooping, cymose clusters in groups of 3 to 4. The geniculate peduncles are between 1.5–3 cm long. The flowers are hermaphroditid and pollinated by bees. The fruit is a small, round, tomentose, cream-colored nutlet with a diameter of 1 cm or less. T. platyphyllos is widely planted throughout the temperate world as an ornamental tree in parks and city streets.

T. platyphyllos is used medicinally and somewhat interchangeably. The dried flowers are mildly sweet and sticky, and the fruit is somewhat sweet and mucilaginous. Linden tea has a pleasing taste, due to the aromatic volatile oil found in the flowers. The flowers, leaves, wood, and charcoal (obtained from the wood) are used for medicinal purposes. Active ingredients in the linden flowers include flavonoids (which act as antioxidants), volatile oils, and mucilaginous constituents (which soothe and reduce inflammation). The plant also contains tannins that can act as an astringent. Linden flowers are used in colds, cough, fever, infections, inflammation, high blood pressure, headache (particularly migraine), as a diuretic (increases urine production), antispasmodic (reduces smooth muscle spasm along the digestive tract), and sedative. The flowers were added to baths to quell hysteria, and steeped as a tea to relieve anxiety-related indigestion, irregular heartbeat, and vomiting. The leaves are used to promote sweating to reduce fevers. The wood is used for liver and gallbladder disorders and cellulitis. That wood burned to charcoal is ingested to treat intestinal disorders and used topically to treat edema or infection, such as cellulitis or ulcers of the lower leg.

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30 seeds
Read 7406 times Last modified on Tuesday, 26 January 2016 17:46
45.00 HRK
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